Luyện nghe bài “Refugee from Ethiopia Becomes Rich in the US”


Tashitaa Tufaa grew up in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. He worked on his family’s farm with his 13 brothers and sisters, until he left to become a school teacher.

In time, Tufaa became involved in ……………(1)……….. He helped campaign for a political party that opposed the majority Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front. Soon, Tufaa felt he was not safe and decided to leave.

He entered the United States in 1992 as a …………..(2)………..

Tufaa settled in Minneapolis, a large city in the northern state of Minnesota. There, he began working as a ………….(3)……….. He also worked at manufacturing companies and as a security guard. Sometimes he had two or three jobs at the same time.

But he did not earn enough money at these jobs to support his wife and five children. So he began working evenings and weekends driving older people and people with disabilities to and from work.

He says he fell in love with transportation.

……………(4)………., he and his brother decided to open their own transportation company. He began with his wife’s van.

Soon, schools began using their service. School ………(5)……….. told other schools about the excellent service Tufaa was providing. The company grew.

Metropolitan Transportation Network now has almost ……………(6)………… buses and vans that take children to schools across the state. Each day, Tufaa’s company transports more than ……………..(7)………….. children to schools and other places in Minneapolis, as well as to other cities.

More than ………………(8)…………people now work at the company. It recently moved to a new, larger operations center.

Tufaa says he has always worked to keep students safe.

Minnesota has long, snowy winters. Many buses bring children to their homes and drive away. But Tufaa pays his drivers to wait until the students are inside their homes or are met by an adult.

He also works to help others in the Oromo community. The Minnesota Historical Society estimates……………(9)……….Oromos live in Minnesota.

Tufaa helps his employees who want to start their own business. Since ………..(10)……….., three former employees have started their own successful transportation companies.

Tufaa says, “The greatest gift I think you can give people like you is that it can be done and I feel like I’ve done that.”

He says his success is a lesson for all African immigrants working to become successful in the United States.

“When a person is free, you can do anything,” he said. “So appreciate what you have, work so very hard, and get rid of the wrong pride we have back home that if you have a college degree you have to be in a professional line [of work], and you can’t dig the potatoes or do the dishes. Work is work, and go out there and do what is available. Be proud of it.”

Tufaa believes his experience shows that, for those willing to work hard, anything is possible

He told VOA, “I do not believe in giving up.”

I’m Jonathan Evans.

Điền các từ còn thiếu vào bên dưới.


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Small Talk May Make Us Happier

Để nghe hiệu quả chúng ta cần có phương pháp. Sau đây Tienganhtriduc sẽ hướng dẫn nghe các bạn cách nghe sao cho hiệu quả.

  • Đối với các bạn nghe chưa được tốt
  • Bước 1: Nghe đi nghe lại 2 đến 3 lần (mắt phải  nhìn  vào phần text)
  • Chú ý đến cách phát âm của từng từ trong bài. Nếu có từ nào mà thấy phát âm khác với cách phát âm của mình thì nên pause lại, vì có thể mình đã phát âm sai từ đó. Vì vậy cần tua lại để chính cách phát âm của mình nhé( nhớ đọc thật to từ đó nên nhé :D)
  • Bước 2: Nghe 2-3 lần nhưng không nhìn vào phần text. Cố gắng nghe được phát âm của các từ. Chú ý nghe được khoảng 40-50% là tốt rồi. Các bạn càng nghe nhiều thì tỉ lệ này cang được nâng lên
  • Bước 3: Dịch sang tiếng việt. Cái này cũng rất quan trọng vì sẽ giúp các bạn tăng vốn từ vựng của mình. Hãy nhớ học từ vựng thông qua các bài đọc reading theo chủ để nào đó (chủ để mình quan tâm thì càng tốt nhé)

Đối với các bạn nghe được ở mức khá 

Các bạn chỉ cần thực hiện bước 2,3 ở trên là được.

Chúc các bạn nghe thật tốt!:D


Small Talk May Make Us Happier

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

Small talk. Chitchat. These are the short conversations we have at parties, while we wait in line at the store, at family events or work.

Sometimes we make small talk with people we already know but not well. Often we have to make small talk with complete strangers.

Many people find these small conversations about random topics difficult. Some people say they hate it. Others say small talk is a waste of time. They may even call it idle chitchat or idle chatter, meaning it doesn’t do anything. They consider small talk not important.

However, small talk is important.

These exchanges can open doors that may lead to larger, more meaningful conversations. When you first meet someone or talk to someone you don’t know well, it would be awkward to begin a conversation about a really deep topic such as war, politics or the meaning of life.

Small talk also gives you the chance to decide if you want to get know that person better – or not. Let’s say you make small talk with someone at a party. But they only want to talk about cats. You may not want to build a friendship with them unless you really, really love cats.

Chitchat can also increase your feeling of understanding, or empathy, toward people you know but not well. Chatting with a colleague about their child may help you to understand more of their life outside the office. This could help build healthy work relationships.

Small talk could even help our larger communities — our relationships with neighbors and colleagues. Exchanging a recipe with a neighbor in your apartment building may make her noises upstairs easier to live with.

And small talk may make us happier!

In 2011, most commuters in the city of Chicago said they would enjoy “quiet cars” where they sat alone and did not talk to anybody.

Researchers at the University of Chicago then asked some participants in a study to talk to people while commuting to work on a train. They found that those who made small talk with strangers were happier than those who sat alone.

In 2013, researchers from the University of Essex in Britain asked some people to make small talk in a similar study. They found people who talked briefly with a cashier in a coffee shop felt happier than those who simply went in, ordered and left.

However, some people are not good at small talk. Making small talk doesn’t have to be either awkward or boring. Here are some tips to improve your small-talking ability.

Tips for making small talk

  1. Have some conversation starters ready.

If you have seen a really good movie or have read a really good book, you can talk about that. You can talk about something that you recently learned.

When you are sharing the same experience with someone, it’s easy to start a conversation. You simply notice and comment on what’s going on around you. For example, if you are at a party and a song comes on that you like or that reminds you of something, you can talk about that.

  1. Ask open-ended questions.

These types of questions require more thought and more than a simple one-word answer. If you ask questions that need more details to answer, the conversation will go on longer.

For example, if you are at a summer pool party, don’t ask a person if they like summer. Instead, ask them what they like or dislike about summer. So, instead of getting a one-word answer, you might have the chance to share in a memory.

  1. Become a student.

Nobody knows everything. So, as someone is answering one of your open-ended questions, they bring up something about which you know nothing. So, tell them!

This lets the other person become the teacher. They feel good about sharing their knowledge and you get to learn something. It’s a win-win situation.

  1. Don’t ask, “So, what do you do?”

Some people do not like their jobs. Or maybe they don’t want to talk about it. So, instead of asking, “What do you do for a living?” ask something like, “So, what have you been doing these days?” or “So, what have you been up to?”

One general question can lead to an opportunity to share something you have in common. So, ask questions. Ask people about their families, their passions, their ambitions or even their fears.

However, balance these questions with comments about yourself. Asking too many questions may make people feel they are in an interview rather than in a conversation.

Practice makes perfect

Like anything, getting good at making small talk takes practice.

If you make small talk in your native language, you might become happier. If you are making small talk using English, you will most definitely improve your speaking and listening skills.

And that’s the Health & Lifestyle report.

I’m Anna Matteo.

Luyện nghe VOA ( Chủ đề : Economics tháng 11/2014)

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